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Dr. Frank G. Riddell
A 2-dimensional depiction of St.Andrews' history has been produced by Nick Halpin et al. which clearly groups the events surrounding the history of the town as it relates to Church, Town, University and Golf.
Click here to view - used by permission.
|573 - 600||St Regulus, Columban Missionary. [conjectural]|
|732-761||Relics of St. Andrew.|
|761-908||Culdee Community establishes Church of St. Mary on the Rock.|
|1071||Queen Margaret escaped across the River Forth, from forces of William the Conqueror. In gratitude she thereafter granted free passage by "Queens ferry" to pilgrims to St. Andrews.|
|1161||Construction of St. Andrews Cathedral was begun by Bishop Arnold.|
|1203||The original castle was constructed by Bishop Roger as a fortress and ecclesiastical residence.|
|1318||Consecration of the cathedral on July 5th by Bishop Lamberton in the presence of King Robert the Bruce, who allegedly rode his horse up the central aisle.|
|1378||Fire consumes a large part of the cathedral, the cathedral choir and transepts|
|1409||Severe storms damage the cathedral's south transept and the harbour.|
|1411||Founding of the University by Papal Bull from Pope Gregory. The founder was Bishop Henry Wardlaw.|
|1413||St. Leonard's Chapel was built as a parish church.|
|1432||King James I, places the University under his personal protection, exempting its members from taxation.|
|1433||Paul Craw becomes the first person to be burned at the stake in St. Andrews, in Market Street.|
|1457||An act of the Scottish Parliament prohibits the playing of golf on Sunday in favour of archery and church attendance.|
|1528||Patrick Hamilton burned at the stake outside St. Salvators|
George Wishart burned at stake outside castle.
Cardinal David Beaton murdered in revenge.
of the castle ends under bombardment from the French fleet. John Knox and the other defenders
are sent imprisoned to France.
John Hamilton, son of the Earl of Arran, becomes bishop of St. Andrews.
|1558||Walter Myln is martyred in St. Andrews.|
|1559||St. Andrews Cathedral is sacked by a protestant mob, incited by the preaching of John Knox.|
|1613||King James VI makes a generous gift of books to the university, and then refuses to pay for them.|
|1620||King James VI confirms St. Andrews as a Royal Burgh.|
|1679||Archbishop James Sharp was murdered by covenanters on his way to St.Andrews at Magus Muir. A previous sniping attempt on his life had failed in 1668.|
of the Society of St. Andrews Golfers, the predecessor of the
Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews.
The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers is actually ten years older.
|1800||John Honey, a student, swims out to the wreck of the sailing vessel "Janet" and rescues the five sailors.|
|1832||Madras College is founded by Dr. Andrew Bell, using principles he derived while in Madras, India. The school opened in 1833.|
|1834||William III of Scotland confers on the Society of St. Andrews Golfers the title The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews.|
|1842||Martyrs Monument on the scores is erected to commemorate the Protestant martyrs Paul Craw (1433), Patrick Hamilton (1528), Henry Forrest (1533) George Wishart (1546) and Walter Myln (1558).|
|1868||The first recorded "hole in one" is made by Young Tom Morris during the Open Championship at Prestwick. He won the championship four years in a row; a feat which has not been equalled.|
|1877||St. Leonard's School for Girls is founded. The efforts to established the school being led by Miss Louisa Lumsden who became the first headmistress.|
|1897||The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews is recognized as the governing body for the rules of golf.|
|1933||The first Byre Theatre is established in an old cow shed (byre).|
golfers win the Alfred Dunhill Cup.
Constantino Rocca sinks a 65 foot putt on the 18th green of the Old Course, to force a tie breaker for the British Open, which his opponent, John Daly, then goes on to win.
A Brief History of St Andrews